Lavanya Selvaraj's Blog

Archive for the ‘Motivation’ Category

 There are two photographs that hang on my office wall.

Every day when I enter my office I look at them before starting my day. They are pictures of two old people. One is of a gentleman in a blue suit and the other is a black and white image of a man with dreamy eyes and a white beard. People have often asked me if the people in the photographs are related to me.

Some have even asked me, “Is this black and white photo that of a Sufi saint or a religious Guru?”
I smile and reply “No, nor are they related to me. These people made an impact on my life. I am grateful to them.”

“Who are they?”

“The man in the blue suit is Bharat Ratna JRD Tata and the black and white photo is of Jamsetji Tata.”
“But why do you have them in your office?”” You can call it gratitude.”

Then, invariably, I have to tell the person the following story.

It was a long time ago. I was young and bright, bold and idealistic. I was in the final year of my Master’s course in Computer Science at  The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bangalore, then known as the Tata Institute. Life was full of fun and joy. I did not know what helplessness or injustice meant.

It was probably the April of 1974. Bangalore was getting warm and gulmohars were blooming at the IISc campus. I was the only girl in my postgraduate department and was staying at the ladies’ hostel. Other girls were pursuing research in different departments of Science. I was looking forward to going abroad to complete a doctorate in computer science. I had been offered scholarships from Universities in the US. I had not thought of taking up a job in India.

One day, while on the way to my hostel from our lecture-hall complex, I saw an advertisement on the notice board. It was a standard job-requirement notice from the famous automobile
company Telco (now Tata Motors).

It stated that the company required young, bright engineers, hardworking and with an excellent academic background, etc.

At the bottom was a small line: “Lady Candidates need not apply.”

I read it and was very upset. For the first time in my life I was up against gender discrimination. Though I was not keen on taking up the job, I saw it as a challenge. I had done extremely well in academics, better than most of my male peers. Little did I know then that in real life academic excellence is not enough to be successful?

After reading the notice I went fuming to my room. I decided to inform the topmost person in Telco’s management about the injustice the company was perpetrating. I got a postcard and started to write, but there was a problem: I did not know who headed Telco. I thought it must be one of the Tatas.
I knew JRD Tata was the head of the Tata Group; I had seen his pictures in newspapers (actually, Sumant Moolgaokar was the company’s chairman then).

I took the card, addressed it to JRD and started writing. To this day I remember clearly what I wrote. “The great Tatas have always been pioneers. They are the people who started the basic infrastructure industries in India, such as iron and steel, chemicals, textiles and locomotives. They have cared for higher education in India, such as iron and steel, chemicals, textiles and locomotives. They have cared for higher education in India since 1900 and they were responsible for the establishment of the Indian Institute of Science. Fortunately, I study there.

But I am surprised how a company such as Telco is discriminating on the basis of gender.”

I posted the letter and forgot about it. Less than 10 days later, I received a telegram stating that I had to appear for an interview at Telco’s Pune facility at the company’s expense. I was taken aback by the telegram.

My hostel mated told me I should use the opportunity to go to Pune free of cost and buy them the famous Pune saris for cheap! I collected Rs.30/- each from everyone who wanted a sari. When I look back, I feel like laughing at the reasons for my going, but back then they seemed good enough to make the trip.

It was my first visit to Pune and I immediately fell in love with the city. To this day it remains dear to me. I feel as much at home in Pune as I do in Hubli, my hometown. The place changed my life in so many ways.

As directed, I went to Telco’s Pimpri office for the interview. There were six people on the panel and I realized then that this was serious business. “This is the girl who wrote to JRD,” I heard somebody whisper as soon as I entered the room. By then I knew for sure that I would not get the job. The realization abolished all fear from my mind, so I was rather cool while the interview was being conducted. Even before the interview started, I reckoned the panel was biased, so I told them, rather impolitely, “I hope this is only a technical interview.” They were taken aback by my rudeness, and even today I am ashamed about my attitude.

The panel asked me technical questions and I answered all of them. Then an elderly gentleman with an affectionate voice told me, “Do you know why we said lady candidates need not apply? The reason is that we have never employed any ladies on the shop floor. This is not a co-ed college; this is a factory. When it comes to academics, you are a first ranker throughout. We appreciate that, but people like you should work in research laboratories.”

I was a young girl from small-town Hubli. My world had been a limited place. I did not know the ways of large corporate houses and their difficulties, so I answered, “But you must start somewhere, otherwise no woman will ever be able to work in your factories.”

Finally, after a long interview, I was told I had been successful. So this was what the future had in store for me. Never had I thought I would take up a job in Pune. I met a shy young man from Karnataka there, we became good friends and we got married.

It was only after joining Telco that I realised who JRD was: The uncrowned king of Indian industry. Now I was scared, but I did not get to meet him till I was transferred to Bombay. One day I had to show some
reports to Mr. Moolgaokar, our chairman, who we all knew as SM. I was in his office on the first floor of Bombay House (the Tata headquarters) when, suddenly JRD walked in. That was the first time I saw “appro JRD”.

Appro means “our” in Gujarati. This was the affectionate term by which people at Bombay House called him. I was feeling very nervous, remembering my postcard episode. SM introduced me nicely, “Jeh (that’s what his close associates called him), this young woman is an engineer and that too a postgraduate. She is the first woman to work on the Telco shop floor.” JRD looked at me. I was praying he would not ask me any questions about my interview (or the postcard that preceded it). Thankfully, he didn’t. Instead, he remarked.

“It is nice that girls are getting into engineering in our country. By the way, what is your name?”

“When I joined Telco I was Sudha Kulkarni, Sir,” I replied. “Now I am Sudha Murthy.”

 He smiled and kindly smile and started a discussion with SM. As for me, I almost ran out of the room.
After that I used to see JRD on and off. He was the Tata Group chairman and I was merely an engineer. There was nothing that we had in common. I was in awe of him. One day I was waiting for Murthy, my husband, to pick me up after office hours. To my surprise I saw JRD standing next to me. I did not know how to react. Yet again I started worrying about that postcard. Looking back,I realise JRD had forgotten about it. It must have been a small incident for him, but not so for me.

“Young lady, why are you here?” he asked.

 “Office time is over.” I said, “Sir, I’m waiting for my husband to come and pick me up.”

JRD said, “It is getting dark and there’s no one in the corridor. I’ll wait with you till your husband comes.”

I was quite used to waiting for Murthy, but having JRD waiting alongside made me extremely uncomfortable.

I was nervous. Out of the corner of my eye I looked at him. He wore a simple white pant and shirt. He was old, yet his face was glowing. There wasn’t any air of superiority about him. I was thinking, “Look at
this person. He is a chairman, a well-respected man in our country and he is waiting for the sake of an ordinary employee.”

Then I saw Murthy and I rushed out. JRD called and said, “Young lady, tell your husband never to make his wife wait again.”

In 1982, I had to resign from my job at Telco. I was reluctant to go, but I really did not have a choice. I was coming down the steps of Bombay House after wrapping up my final settlement when I saw JRD coming up. He was absorbed in thought. I wanted to say goodbye to him, so I stopped. He saw me and paused.

Gently, he said, “So what are you doing, Mrs Kulkarni?” (That was the way he always addressed me.)

“Sir, I am leaving Telco.”

“Where are you going?” he asked.

“Pune, Sir.  My husband is starting a company called Infosys and I’m shifting to Pune.”

“Oh! And what will you do when you are successful.”

“Sir, I don’t know whether we will be successful.”

“Never start with diffidence,” he advised me. “Always start with confidence. When you are successful you must give back to society. Society gives us so much; we must reciprocate. I wish you all the best.”

Then JRD continued walking up the stairs. I stood there for what seemed like a millennium. That was the last time I saw him alive.

Many years later I met Ratan Tata in the same Bombay House, occupying the chair JRD once did.
I told him of my many sweet memories of working with Telco. Later, he wrote to me, “It was nice hearing about Jeh from you. The sad part is that he’s not alive to see you today.”

I consider JRD a great man because, despite being an extremely busy person, he valued one postcard written by a young girl seeking justice. He must have received thousands of letters every day.
He could have thrown mine away, but he didn’t do that

.
He respected the intentions of that unknown girl, who had neither influence nor money, and gave her an opportunity in his company. He did not merely give her a job; he changed her life and mindset forever.

Close to 50 per cent of the students in today’s engineering colleges are girls. And there are women on the shop floor in many industry segments. I see these changes and I think of JRD. If at all time stops and asks me what I want from life, I would say I wish JRD were alive today to see how the company we started has grown. He would have enjoyed it wholeheartedly.

Sudha Kulkarni Murthy, wife of the software genius and industrialist N.R. Narayana Murthy, is also the sister of the popular astrophysicist, Shrinivas Kulkarni. She is best known for her social work and her plethora of stories.  

Her Initial Days and Early Career

In her early days, Sudha Murty was a computer scientist and an engineer. She was born in the year 1950 in the district of Shiggaon in Karnataka.

Sudha Murty scored the highest marks in SSLC (Xth grade) in 1966 from New Education Society Girls English School, Hubli .

Sudha Murthy did her engineering degree from BVB College of Engineering in Hubli. Placed as a topper in the state of Karnataka, she went on to get a medal from the CM for her accomplishment. After completing her Masters in the subject of Computer Science from IISc, Bangalore, she repeated her feat and topped her class, to receive yet another medal from the Engineers Institute.

Sudha was the first computer engineer employed by the company Tata Motors. She also initiated a bold move to introduce computer and library facilities in all schools in Karnataka. She taught computer science and started writing fiction with her first book ‘Dollar Sose’. This book was written in Kannada and later translated to English, and it was even converted into a television serial in 2001 titled ‘Dollar Bahu’.

Career

    • Worked at TELCO as a Development Engineer in Pune, Mumbai and Jamshedpur and later joined Walchand Group of Industries at Pune as Senior Systems Analyst.
    • Involved in the development of Infosys Technologies Ltd., in various capacities & worked as HoD for Computer Science in a reputed college of Bangalore University
    • In 1996, started Infosys Foundation & till date has been the Trustee of Infosys Foundation & a Visiting Professor at the PG Center of a reputed college of Bangalore University
    • Written and published 13 books – out of which, two are travellogues, two technical books, six novels and three educative books.

Awards To Name A Few

    • Gold Medal from the Indian Institute of Engineers, India for having secured the I Rank in MTech of all the branches of Engineering
    • Silver Medal from the then Chief Minister of Karnataka Sri Devaraj Urs, for securing the highest marks in BE of all the Universities of Engineering in Karnataka
    • Cash award for having secured the highest marks in SSLC
    • C S Desai Prize for standing first in the University Exams of Karnataka
    • Youth Service Department Prize from Government of Karnataka, for having been the outstanding engineering student of Karnataka
    • Best Teacher Award in 1995 from the Rotary Club of Bangalore
    • National Award from Public Relation Society of India for outstanding Social Service to the Society
    • ‘Attimabbe’ award for her technical book in Kannada (Shalae Makale Gagi Computer – meaning computers for school children)
    • Award for Excellent Social Service by Rotary South – Hubli
    • ‘Karnataka Rajyotsava’ State Award for the year 2000, for achievement in the field of literature and social work
    • ‘Ojaswini’ award for excellent social worker for the year 2000
    • ‘Millenium Mahila Shiromani’ award
    • Voted as Woman of the Year by RadioCity [Bangalore FM station] on International Women’s Day [2002]
    • Raja-Lakshmi Award 2004 in recognition of her contribution to social work.

Sudha Murthy and Her Books

Being a fiction writer as well, Sudha Murthy has written quite a few stories, which have mostly been released by the renowned publisher Penguin Books. These stories generally have a theme of general and common life in India, and her ideas regarding donation, realisation and hospitality. Some famous stories written by her include:

  • How I Taught My Grandmother To Read
  • Old Man and His God
  • Gently Falls The Bakula
  • The Accolades Galore

In November 2004, Sudha Murty was awarded the Raja-Lakshmi Award by the Sri Raja-Lakshmi Foundation (based in Chennai) for her exemplary efforts in contributing to the society. In the year 2006, she was given the prestigious Padma Shri award, an award of great honour from the Indian Government and she also went on to receive a doctorate from the Sathyabama University in Chennai . Her stories have also been converted to Assamese by Anjan Sharma.  

Her Personal Life

The couple, Sudha and Narayana Murthy are blessed with two kids, Akshata and Rohan. Her daughter Akshata married Rishi Sunak, her batch mate from Stanford. Akshata was previously working at a firm dealing in venture capital, Siderian Ventures, and Rishi is a British citizen with Indian roots. He partners a hedge-fund involved in charity in the UK.

I have never seen such a woman, who have dare to act against injustice when normally women accept the things as they are………Sudha comes across as a teacher, engineer, writer, philanthropist, Mother, Home maker and corporate—all rolled into one…………..

I also admire Mrs. Sudha Murthy for handling different roles efficiently and have million dollar question, How she learned to fit into different shoes ?????????

The essence of success in every role has been universal, says Sudha. ‘‘Whatever you do, do it to your best.” At every job, my motto has been the same—to be honest and sincere to your profession when you are a subordinate and when you are boss, be professional but care for your subordinates. As a mother, be there when your children are home and you are needed.’’   

Only after reading about Sudha Murthy, I learnt Women have that extra quality of adaptability…………

WISH YOU ALL VERY HAPPY WOMEN’S DAY…………

Article sourced from:  Lasting Legacies

(Tata Review- Special Commemorative Issue 2004), brought out by the house of Tatas to commemorate the 100th birth anniversary of JRD Tata on July 29, 2004.

http://www.tata.com/aboutus/articles

 

 

 

 

 

 

WHEN I ASKED GOD FOR STRENGTH ,
HE GAVE ME DIFFICULT SITUATIONS TO FACE .

WHEN I ASKED GOD FOR BRAIN & BROWN ,
HE GAVE ME PUZZLES IN LIFE TO SOLVE .

WHEN I ASKED GOD FOR HAPPINESS ,
HE SHOWED ME SOME UNHAPPY PEOPLE .

WHEN I ASKED GOD FOR WEALTH ,
HE SHOWED ME HOW TO WORK HARD .

WHEN I ASKED GOD FOR FAVORS,
HE SHOWED ME OPPORTUNITIES TO WORK HARD.

WHEN I ASKED GOD FOR PEACE ,
HE SHOWED ME HOW TO HELP OTHERS.

GOD GAVE ME NOTHING I WANTED ,
HE GAVE ME EVERYTHING I NEEDED .

                       

                     – SWAMI VIVEKANANDA

 

WISH YOU & YOUR FAMILY VERY HAPPY & PROSPEROUS NEW YEAR…
 
 

They are the best in their business, and feature in the Forbes Richest list year after year. So where do you think India’s top CEOs, corporate honchos and business magnates did their business studies?

Top CEOs in India

Ratan Tata
Chairman, Tata Sons

Tata graduated from Cathedral and John Connon School, Mumbai, did his Bachelor of Science degree in architecture from Cornell University in 1962. Then he went to the US to do Advanced Management Program by Harvard Business School in 1975. This Management course at HBS is designed for someone already in the field who wants to better their prospects.

Ratan Tata is also the chairman of Tata Steel, Tata Consultancy Services, Tata Motors, Tata Power, Tata Tea, The Indian Hotels Company, Tata Chemicals and Tata Teleservices. During his tenure, the group’s revenues have grown nearly 13-fold.

Mukesh Ambani
Chairman and MD, Reliance Industries

Mukesh Ambani studied in The Scindia School, Gwalior. He is a chemical engineer from the Institute of Chemical Technology, University of Mumbai. Mukesh pursued his MBA at Stanford University, USA.

With a personal wealth valued at $29 billion by Forbes Magazine, Mukesh Ambani is world’s fourth richest and Asia’s wealthiest person.

Rahul Bajaj
Bajaj Auto

After attending St. Stephen’s College Delhi for his BA Economics, and the Government Law College Bombay for LLB, Rahul Bajaj went to the US to do his MBA from Harvard Business School in 1964.

Being awarded the Padma Bhushan in 2001, Bajaj was listed twentieth on the Forbes India’s Richest in 2010.

Anil Ambani
Chairman, Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group

Anil Ambani completed his Bachelor of Science from Mumbai University. He went to the US to do an MBA from The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania.

It is the same university that later honoured Dhirubhai Ambani with the Dean’s Medal for setting an outstanding example of leadership. Anil Ambani is the fourth richest man in India, according to Forbes.

Anand Mahindra
Vice Chairman and MD, Mahindra & Mahindra

Anand Mahindra graduated from Harvard College, Cambridge, Massachusetts and completed his MBA from Harvard Business School, Boston. He is Vice Chairman and Managing Director of Mahindra & Mahindra.


After Anand’s entry, Mahindra & Mahindra started the Kotak Mahindra Bank and Tech Mahindra. The IT section acquired Satyam Computer Services Ltd and renamed it Mahindra Satyam following the 2007 scandal.

Adi Godrej
Godrej Group

Adi Godrej did his bachelor’s degree and master’s degree in management from Massachusetts Institute of Technology before joining the family business.

One of Indian’s richest men, with a net worth of $3.3 billion, Adi Godrej is credited with modernising his family’s business.

KV Kamath
Non-Executive Chairman, ICICI Bank

Kamath was ICICI Bank’s Managing Director and CEO from May 1996 to his retirement in April 2009. Now, He is the Chairman of Infosys Limited, the second-largest IT services company in India.

After completing Higher Secondary and Pre-University from St Aloysius School, Kamath joined the Karnataka Regional Engineering College for Mechanical Engineering. Then, in 1969, he joined the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad for his Masters in Business Administration.

Last but not the least, here comes the business magnate Dhirubhai Ambani.

Dhirubhai Ambani was an Indian business magnate and entrepreneur who founded Reliance Industries, a petrochemicals, communications, power, and textiles conglomerate and the only privately owned Indian company in the Fortune 500. Dhirubhai has been one among the select Forbes billionaires and has also figured in the Sunday Times list of top 50 businessmen in Asia. His life has often been referred to as a true “rags to riches” story.

Where he did his MBA?

.

.

.

.

Harvard Business School?

.

.

.

No

.

.

Stanford University?

.

.

.

No

.

.

Indian Institute of Management?

.

.

.

No

.

.

The Educational Qualification of Dhirubhai Ambani is just 10th pass

Is it necessary to do MBA to be a Business Magnate…..???

Does any degree in the world has more value than Self confidence & Hard work…..???

 

Source: http://www.knowledgebase-script.com/demo/article-952.html

By refusing to take bribes, the Madurai collector has earned 18 transfers in 20 years, a modest house and bank balance and lots of respect.

On a hot summer afternoon, on Madurai’s busy main road, the district collector, U. Sahayam I.A.S, saw a young man talking on a cell phone while riding a motorbike. He asked his driver to wave the man down, got down from his car and meted out instant punishment: plant 10 saplings within 24 hours. Somewhat unconventional justice, some might say. But that’s how Sagayam works.

‘Lanjam Thavirtthu, Nenjam Nimartthu’ (Reject bribes, hold your head high), says a board hanging above Sagayam’s chair in his modest office. That’s the code he lives by, even if politicians are incensed they cannot bend him their way—he’s been transferred 18 times in the last 20 years—and has made enemies of both superiors and subordinates. “I know I sit under a dangerous slogan and probably alienate people,” he says. “But I have been the same Sagayam from Day 1. Standing up against corruption is not for a season. Nor is it a fad. It’s forever.”

Two years ago, as district collector of Namakkal, he voluntarily declared his assets: a bank balance of Rs 7,172 and a house in Madurai worth Rs 9 lakh. Once, when his baby daughter, Yalini, who had breathing problems, was suddenly taken ill, he did not have the Rs 5,000 needed for admitting her to a private hospital. At that time he was deputy commissioner (excise) in Coimbatore and there were 650 liquor licenses to be given out. The going bribe for each was rumored to be Rs 10,000.

Sagayam started cleaning up Madurai the minute he landed here. The main bus terminus at Mattuthavani looked more like a bazaar, with shops all over the bus-shelters and no waiting place for passengers. Even a police outpost had been turned into a shop.The system was well-oiled with haftas to local politicians and policemen. Sagayam quickly went through the rulebook, cited the relevant clauses and cleaned up the entire area. But didn’t it hit poor shopkeepers who lost their livelihood? “A violation is a violation,” says Sagayam, “but we will help them rehabilitate.” Nageswaran, a taxi-driver and one of Sagayam’s many fans, says, “He’s strict and hasn’t taken even ten paise in bribe during his career”.

He’s like the upright collectors they show in some films, a real hero with integrity.”Sagayam’s masters degrees in social work and law come in useful in his role as an administrator. He knows the rulebooks in detail and is not afraid of using them, however powerful the opponent. No wonder then that Sagayam’s career is marked with the scars of countless battles.

When errant village officers ganged up to get Sagayam transferred, people protested and the order was rescinded. When he was in Kanchipuram as revenue officer, he took on the sand mafia, ordering them to stop dredging sand from the Palar riverbed. Large-scale
dredging had made the area flood-prone. The mafia sent goons to assault Sagayam, but he did not budge and would not take back the order. He also took on a mighty soft-drink MNC when a consumer showed him a bottle with dirt floating in it. He sealed the bottling unit and banned the sale of the soft drink in the city. In Chennai, he locked horns with a restaurant chain and recovered four acres valued at some Rs 200 crore.

Given such credentials, it wasn’t surprising for him to be picked by the Election Commission to oversee elections in Madurai, as famous for its temples as its political gods. During the last polls, Sagayam took on M.K. Azhagiri, the local MP and son of former CM and DMK supreme M. Karunanidhi. He conducted voter awareness campaigns in colleges; the DMK petitioned the court twice, seeking to end what it said was an attempt to influence voters, but the court demurred.

Sagayam’s wife Vimala has stood by him all these years but she was rattled by some of the threats during the elections. “He always says if you are right, nobody can hurt you,” she says. “But sometimes it becomes difficult.”

Sagayam takes a hands-on approach to his work. He holds a Monday ‘durbar’, at which anyone can meet him with their complaints. During tours of the district for review meetings and inspections, he will suddenly stop a school bus to talk to children or duck into a school to take a class. When students tell him they want to be IAS or IPS officers, he asks, “It’s all well to say now that you’ll be honest, but will you remain unbending about not taking bribes throughout your career?”

Some months back, while driving to a village, he found a 92-year-old woman cleaning rice. She said she had to work in order to eat. He immediately sanctioned Rs 1,000 as old-age pension for her. When 60-year-old Vellamma met him during a tour of Uthappanaikkanoor village this week and asked him to grant her a pension, he said, “I can do that. But do you want me to send your son to jail too—for abandoning you?”

He said it with a smile, as a joke, but he has in fact taken action against children who don’t take care of their aging parents.

“I believe, as Mahatma Gandhi said, that India lives in her villages,” says Sagayam, who also idolizes Subhash Chandra Bose. His years as a collector—he has slept overnight in village schools many times—have convinced him to better the lot of villagers by strengthening the village administrative officer (VAO) system.

Many VAOs have never visited villages and often stay miles away from where they should be, in cities. In Namakkal, his action against errant VAOs had them ganging up with politicians to get him transferred. Over 5,000 villagers protested, saying they wouldn’t let Sagayam go. The politicians had to retreat.

Sagayam says he learnt honesty on his mother’s knees. He is the youngest of four sons of a farmer from Pudukottai.“Our adjoining field had mango trees and my friends and I would pick the fallen fruit,” he says.  “But my mother made me throw the mangoes away, saying I should enjoy only what is mine.” Now his daughter Yalini wants to become a collector. When she has an argument with her brother Arun, she asks her father, “Is he really your son? He just told a lie!” Both of them are proud of their father.

Recently, after a long time, the Sagayam family went on a vacation to Kullu in Himachal Pradesh. While visiting a gurudwara, a stranger came up to their father and asked him, “Aren’t you IAS officer Mr Sagayam?” Yalini and Arun have not stopped beaming.

http://www.citehr.com/364992-madurai-collector-mr-sahayam-ias-serving-poor-disadvantaged.html

I was studying in 5th class at the age of 10 who gave a vision for my life. I had a teacher, Shri Siva Subramania Iyer. He was one of the very good teachers in our school. All of us loved to attend his class and hear him. One day he was teaching about bird’s flight. He drew a diagram of a bird on the blackboard depicting the wings, tail and the body structure with the head. He explained how the birds create the lift and fly. He also explained to us how they change direction while flying. Nearly 25 minutes he gave the lecture with various information such as lift, drag and how the birds fly in a formation of 10, 20 or 30 etc. At the end of the class, he wanted to know whether we understood how the birds fly. I said I did not understand how the birds fly. When I said this, he asked the other students whether they understood or not. Many students said that they did not understand. Our teacher was a real teacher and very good teacher. He did not get upset by our response.

In view of this, my teacher said that he would take all of us to the sea shore. That evening the whole class was in the sea shore. We enjoyed the roaring sea waves knocking at the rocks in the pleasant evening. Birds were flying with sweet chirping voice. He showed the sea birds in formation in 10 to 20 numbers, we have seen the marvelous formation of birds with a purpose and we were all amazed. And we were simply looking at the formation. The teacher showed the birds and asked us to see when the birds fly, what it looked like. We saw the wings being flapped. He explained how the birds flapped the wings to generate the lift. He asked us to look at the tail portion with the combination of flapping wing and twisting tail. We noticed closely and found that the birds in that condition flew in the direction they wanted. Then he asked us a question, where the engine is and how it is powered. Bird is powered by its own life and the motivation what it wants. All these aspects were explained to us within 15 minutes. We all understood the whole bird dynamics with practical example. How nice it was? Our teacher was a great teacher; he could give as a theoretical lesson coupled with live practical example. This is real teaching. I am sure, many of the teachers in schools and colleges will follow this example.

For me, it was not merely an understanding of how a bird flies. The bird’s flight entered into me and created a feeling on the seashore of Rameswaram. From that day evening, I thought that my future study has to be with reference to something to do with flight. At that time, I did not realize that I have to go towards flight science. I am telling this because my teacher’s teaching and the event that I witnessed inspired me to lead to the goal in life. Then one evening after the classes, I asked the teacher, “Sir, please tell me, how to progress further something to do with flight”. He patiently explained to me that I should complete 8th class, and then go to high school, and then I should go to college that may lead to education of flight. If I do all these things I might do something connected with flight sciences. This advice and the bird flying exercise given by my teacher really gave me a goal and a mission for my life. When I went to college, I took Physics. When I went to engineering in Madras Institute of Technology, I took Aeronautical Engineering.

Thus my life was transformed as a rocket engineer, aerospace engineer and technologist. That one incident of my teacher encouraging me to ask questions, showing the visual examples proved to be a turning point in my life which eventually shaped my profession. Shri Sivasubramania Iyer was an example for shaping not just students but igniting the youth both average and extraordinary by allowing them to ask questions and answering them till they fully understood. In essence, teachers, and the teaching environment in the school provides you the knowledge.

I believe there is no other profession in the world that is more important to society than that of a teacher
                                                                                                                                                                                           -A P J Abdul Kalam



HAPPY TEACHERS DAY…….

Source:  http://www.abdulkalam.com

 

Disclaimer: Kindly note that it’s my own collection and ideas about the specific interview question. I do not vouch for correctness of the below mentioned answers. Readers are requested to have it only as reference…

 

Friday, April 29, 2011

Name: Harikumar.M

Board: Nirbhai Sharma

Date: 29.04.2011

 

Chairman:

 1. What is your name and Date of Birth..?

Personal Question (PQ)

2. What are you doing after you complete your graduation in 2006?

PQ

3. From where you have prepared?

PQ

4. What your institute teaches to you?

PQ

5. How many people preparing from Chennai?

Nearly 40,000 IAS Aspirants took their preliminary exams across the state.

6. Result trend in Tamil Nadu?

Candidates from Tamil Nadu have claimed the first and third ranks in the 2010 IAS examination. Two other candidates from the state also figured among the top 10 rank winners. The Tamil Nadu Government has also proposed some coaching programs within the districts. This initiates the students from TamilNadu to participate in civil service exam in spite of their educational background.

7. There is a continues problem between India and Pakistan but India’s Energy demand is increasing, because of that India want to establish a pipe line to connect India with Central Asian countries through Pakistan. Is it feasible…?

I hope nothing is impossible sir. Organized planning and effective decisions would definitely make it happen. Until then, we should find an alternative solution to meet the energy demand.

8. What is the alternative solution you suggest?

I don’t support for the Nuclear Energy – the technology to meet the energy demand. Because it is commercial and more over, it makes India to dependent on other nations for chemical elements like Uranium. We should use the renewable energy sources for power generation. Every state government should come forward to implement the solar city scheme under the 11th Five year plan asap.  Indians should take initiative to minimize the energy consumption as well.

Lady member:

 1. Trade relation between India and USA, what are all the areas they are focusing?

The United States is one of India’s largest trading partners. Major items exported by India to the U.S. include Information Technology Services, textiles, machinery, ITeS, gems and diamonds, chemicals, iron and steel products, coffee, tea, and other edible food products. Major American items imported by India include aircraft, fertilizers, computer hardware, scrap metal and medical equipment.

The United States is also India’s largest investment partner, with American direct investment of $9 billion accounting for 9% of total foreign investment into India. Americans have made notable foreign investment in India’s power generation, telecommunications, ports, roads, petroleum exploration/processing, and mining industries.

On November 8 Obama became the 2nd U.S. President ever to address a joint session of the Parliament of India. In a major policy shift Obama declared U.S. support for India’s permanent membership of United Nations Security Council.Calling India-U.S. relationship a defining partnership of 21st century he also announced removal of export control restrictions on several Indian companies and concluded trade deals worth $10 billion which are expected to create/support 50,000 jobs in the U.S. during this visit.

 2. A small story: One man walking very happily in the morning and saint while cross him asked what is the reason for his happy, he replied sky is blue, grass is green and birds are chirping, after an hour both crossed each other again in opposite but now that man not happy, saint asked him you were happy before an hour and you told sky is blue, grass is green and birds are chirping and what happen now…? Man replied now I am going to Office!!!

This is the condition of most of the government office in India, what will you do to create more involvement?

Monetary benefits according to the performance of the employees will make an involvement in the job. Apart from monetary benefits, non-monetary benefits like Awards, Recognitions and Promotions will also make involvement and job satisfaction as well…

Like MNC’s, Government offices should conduct Talent shows, cultural programs and also organizing Team Lunch and outing at least in a year  would relieve employees from stress and create more involvement in the job…

Member 1:

 1. What is the earlier name of UPSC?

Public Service Commission

The first Public Service Commission was set up on 1 October 1926. The British Indian government then set up a Federal Public Service Commission and provided for the formation of provincial level Public Service Commission’s under the Government of India Act 1935.

With the promulgation of the new Constitution for independent India on 26th January, 1950, the Federal Public Service Commission was accorded a constitutional status as an autonomous entity and given the title – Union Public Service Commission.

2. What is the constitutional provision for UPSC?

Constitutional Provisions:
The Union Public Service Commission has been established under Article 315 of the Constitution of India. The Commission consists of a Chairman and ten Members. The terms and conditions of service of Chairman and Members of the Commission are governed by the Union Public Service Commission (Members) Regulations, 1969. The Commission is serviced by a Secretariat headed by a Secretary with two Additional Secretaries, a number of Joint Secretaries, Deputy Secretaries and other supporting staff.

The Union Public Service Commission have been entrusted with the following duties and role under the Constitution:
1. Recruitment to services & posts under the Union through conduct of competitive examinations;
2. Recruitment to services & posts under the Central Government by Selection through Interviews;
3. Advising on the suitability of officers for appointment on promotion as well as transfer-on-deputation;
4. Advising the Government on all matters relating to methods of Recruitment to various services and posts;
5. Disciplinary cases relating to different civil services; and
6. Miscellaneous matters relating to grant of extra ordinary pensions, reimbursement of legal expenses etc.

3. Why farmers are not being treated as professional?

A paid occupation, especially which involves training and a formal qualification is termed as Profession. And Professionals are known as skilful or competent.

Farmers not treated as professionals indirectly means that the farmers are not skilful and competent and they don’t have formal qualification. Now a day, many students come forward to learn agriculture and they implement it by using various scientific methods.

Government has also organized Agricultural College to encourage the interested students. This view should change and the farmers should also be considered as Professionals.

4. Major crops being produced in your state?

The principal food crops are rice, maize, jowar (cholam), bajra (cumbu), ragi, and pulses

(Bengalgram, Red gram, Green gram, Black gram and Horse gram).

The cash crops include cotton, sugarcane, oilseeds, coffee, tea, rubber, coconut, gingelly

and chilly.

The important horticultural products are bananas and mangoes

5. What you are producing in your farm field, is it profitable?

PQ

Member2:

 1. Your state contributes more intellectual to the Nation but why they are not coming to politics?

As I told earlier, nearly 40,000 aspirants participate in civil service exams every year. We can find Tamilians voluntarily joins in Military, Air force and Navy per annum. With Patriotism, if the above mentioned persons were going to compete with the cinema stars in General Election, they won’t even get 1/5th of votes as there is no influence.

I think this is the reason why intellectual persons are not coming to politics.

2. Why more cinema stars coming to politics in your state?

Because the people recognizes cinema stars and thinks them as real heroes. They believe the dialogues spoken by the heroes in film are true and they have hope that they will implement it when they become leaders.  The cinema stars have influence over the people when compared to the intellectual persons or some social activist. This makes the person, who has idea to be a politician, to enter the cinema first.

But, now a day the trend is changing and the people starts differentiating between real and imaginary.

3. You know C. Rajagopalachari, what was the last post in government held by the C. Rajagopalachari?

Governor General of India

4. What about the last Governor General of India?

C. Rajagopalachari, popularly known as Rajaji, was the last Governor General of India. C. Rajagopalachari succeeded Lord Mountbatten and was Governor General of India from 1948 to 1950. After C. Rajagopalachari, the title of Governor General was abolished and was replaced by President of India.

C. Rajagopalachari also has the distinction of being the first Indian Governor General of India.

5. Think you are a District Magistrate in a district, there is a huge delegation by the cinema star, and what action will you take?

6. You are from Kancheepuram district, have you visited Sri Sankarachari math?

PQ

7. As you have studied in Sri Ramakrishna School, what is the two Ramakrishna’s thought taught to you in your school?

(PQ but its good to know in general – The following thoughts are which I like the most)

–          God is everywhere but He is most manifest in man. So serve man as God. That is as good as worshipping God.

–          The world is indeed a mixture of truth and make-believe. Discard the make-believe and take the truth.

–          If you want to go east, don’t go west.

Member3:

 1. You have done BBA, can you tell the difference between the Corporate and the civil service?

(BBA and MBA students can expect this kind of questions)

Both the corporate and the civil service have some goals on their own. But the difference is that, corporate aims to gain profit and as the name indicates, the civil service aims to service the mankind.

2. Did USA engage in second war first? What is the reason for joining later?

No, USA engaged in World War II later…

  • The real reason USA entered WW2 was because Japan did not like the fact that US stopped selling oil and scrap metal to them which they needed. So on December 7, 1941 Japan attacked Hawaii, which is known as Pearl Harbor. As the U.S. interests were attacked and U.S. citizens were killed, the next day, United States officially entered World War 2 on December 8, 1941 by declaring war on Japan and in return Germany and Italy declared war on USA.
  • FDR (Franklin D. Roosevelt) said it would be a day to live in infamy. The Japanese bombed us so the US retaliated. 

3.  How Second World War end? What is the pact between USA and Japan?

In August 1945, The United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. After two uses of nuclear weapons and Russia’s official entry into war against Japan, the United States and its allies forced Japan to surrender, thus ending the hostilities.

At the end of the Second World War, Japan was occupied by the Allied Powers, led by the United States with contributions from Australia, India, the United Kingdom and New Zealand. This was the first time since the unification of Japan that the island nation had been occupied by a foreign power. The San Francisco Peace Treaty, signed on September 8, 1951 by 48 allied nations and Japan, marked the end of the Allied occupation, and when it went into effect on April 28, 1952, Japan was once again an independent state, and an ally of the United States.

Chairman:

 1. What is Red Corridor?

The Red Corridor is a term used to describe an impoverished region in the east of India that experiences considerable Naxalite communist terrorist activity.

 

These are also areas that suffer from the greatest illiteracy, poverty and overpopulation in modern India, and span parts of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal states

2. How Naxal movement started and why?

The term ‘Naxal’ derives from the name of the village Naxalbari in the state of West Bengal, India, where the movement had its origin. They are especially concentrated in an area known as the “Red corridor”

The Naxalbari, where a section of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM) led by Charu Majumdar, Kanu Sanyal and Jangal Santhal initiated a violent uprising in 1967. On May 18, 1967, the Siliguri Kishan Sabha, of which Jangal was the president, declared their readiness to adopt armed struggle to redistribute land to the landless.The following week, a sharecropper near Naxalbari village was attacked by the landlord’s men over a land dispute. On May 24, when a police team arrived to arrest the peasant leaders, it was ambushed by a group of tribals led by Jangal Santhal, and a police inspector was killed in a hail of arrows. This event encouraged many Santhal tribals and other poor people to join the movement and to start attacking local landlords.

 3. What is your solution for Naxal problem?

In a report prepared for the Planning Commission of India, it has been suggested that the Indian government should begin talks with the Naxalites. The Indian government had clinched to a rigid policy for decades that prevented any negotiation with the Naxalites until they renounced violence.

The panel also wants the government to address the economic issues that are the root cause of the problem. Instead of relying solely on security, the Indian government should implement plans to develop the backward regions of the country that are the Naxalite strongholds.

Naxalism is a social problem. Unless the Indian government accepts this truth, the problem will continue and lives will be lost.

To know more about the Naxal Problem: Naxals: Greatest enemy within, more a social problem than law and order trouble

4.  Is there any border problem between India and China?

YES… There is a border dispute between India and China over Arunachal Pradesh.

5.  Why China claiming Arunachal Pradesh?

 

Arunachal Pradesh is the Eastern-most state in India and is bordered by China, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar. Disputes over the land go back decades and are likely to continue. India recognizes the border drawn by the British in 1914 and included land that Tibet ceded to the then British-ruled India in a 1914 treaty. This border follows the “McMahon Line” shown on the map. China says that Tawang was once part of Tibet. Since China seized Tibet in 1951, it feels its territorial claims should extend to Tawang and the state of Arunachal Pradesh.

6. There are lots of insurgencies in all North Eastern states except in Mizoram. What is the reason for it?

Northeastern India consists of 7 states (also known as the seven sisters): Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur, and Nagaland. Tensions exist between these states and the central government as well as amongst the tribal people, who are natives of these states, and migrant peoples from other parts of India.

Much of the region is notably ethnically and linguistically different from the rest of India. In the region several armed factions operate. Some groups call for a separate state, others for regional autonomy while some extreme groups demand complete independence.

There are existing territorial disputes between Manipur and Nagaland, Nagaland and Assam, Meghalaya and Assam, and Mizoram and Assam, often based on historical border disputes and differing ethnic, tribal or cultural affinities.

Mizoram’s tensions are largely due to the simmering Assamese domination and the neglect of the Mizo people. In 1986, the Mizo accord ended the main secessionist movement led by the Mizo National Front, bringing peace to the region. Insurgency status is classified as partially active, due to secessionist/autonomy demands by the Hmars,chakmas,Brus,Pawis,Lais and the Reangs.

 7. What is your first preference?

PQ

8. Think, you have appointed as a SP in a district, you are going to work under District Magistrate he is junior to you, will you work under him?

Off course, In spite of seniority, I always obey law and work for the welfare of people.

9. If he interferes in your day to day activities, what will you do?

I will analyze the correctness of his/her suggestion. I accept if it is right.  Or else I never mind his interference and I will do whichever is right to me.

 10. What is the difference between commission rate system and district SP?  

A commission rate is the heart of every commission rule. It is a value and type pair that is used by RPM to calculate a commission. Commission rates are used in the schedules and addendums for gross and agent rates and in agency referrals.

  • Example: 2% net billed
  • Example: $500

In India, a District Superintendent of Police (SP) or Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP) heads the police force of a district. Superintendents of Police are officers of the Indian Police Service. Their rank badge is the State Emblem above one star, although those selected for higher rank or with fifteen or more years’ service wear the State Emblem above two stars.The rank below it is Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police (ADL.DCP) or Additional Superintendent of Police (ASP), while the rank above it is Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) or Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP).

Hi Readers,

Kindly note that it is not necessary to tell all the above mentioned points unless the board members asked to do so. I have given the answers in detail just to understand the issue better.

 

Source:

Questions: www.civilserviceinterviews.blogspot.com

Answers: Own views and reference from the following sites

www.iasaspirants.com

www.indiainfoline.com

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/India_%E2%80%93_United_States_relations

http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Why_did_the_US_become_involved_in_World_War_2#ixzz1RCSLSZfB

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japan_%E2%80%93_United_States_relations

http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/asia/article3857657.ece

Lesson 1:

A sales rep, an administration clerk, and the manager are walking to lunch when they find an antique oil lamp. They rub it and a Genie comes out.

The Genie says, “I’ll give each of you just one wish.” “Me first! Me first!” says the admin clerk. “I want to be in the Bahamas , driving a speedboat, without a care in the world.” Puff! She’s gone.

“Me next! Me next!” says the sales rep. “I want to be in Hawaii, relaxing on the beach with my personal masseuse, an endless supply of Pina Coladas and the love of my life.” Puff! He’s gone.

“OK, you’re up,” the Genie says to the manager. The manager says, “I want those two back in the office after lunch.”

Moral of the story:

Always let your boss have the first say.

Lesson 2:

An eagle was sitting on a tree resting, doing nothing. A small rabbit saw the eagle and asked him, “Can I also sit like you and do nothing?” The eagle answered: “Sure, why not.” So, the rabbit sat on the ground below the eagle and rested. All of a sudden, a fox appeared, jumped on the rabbit and ate it.

Moral of the story:

To be sitting and doing nothing, you must be sitting very, very high up.

Lesson 3:

A turkey was chatting with a bull. “I would love to be able to get to the top of that tree,” sighed the turkey, “but I haven’t got the energy.” “Well, why don’t you nibble on some of my droppings?” replied the bull. They’re packed with nutrients.”

The turkey pecked at a lump of dung, and found that it actually gave him enough strength to reach the lowest branch of the tree. The next day, after eating some more dung, he reached the second branch.

Finally after a fourth night, the turkey was proudly perched at the top of the tree. He was promptly spotted by a farmer, who shot him dead.

Moral of the story:

Bullshit might get you to the top, but it won’t keep you there.

Lesson 4:

A little bird was flying south for the winter. It was so cold the bird froze and fell to the ground into a large field. While he was lying there, a cow came by and dropped some dung on him.

As the frozen bird lay there in the pile of cow dung, he began to realize how warm he was. The dung was actually thawing him out! He lay there all warm and happy, and soon began to sing for joy.

A passing cat heard the bird singing and came to investigate. Following the sound, the cat discovered the bird under the pile of cow dung, and promptly dug him out and ate him.

Moral of the story:

  1. Not everyone who shits on you is your enemy.
  2. Not everyone who gets you out of shit is your friend.
  3. And when you’re in deep shit, it’s best to keep your mouth shut!

This ends the 3-minute management course!


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